Routine Care and Hygiene

for Healthy teeth and Gums

Routine Care and Hygiene icon Thirsk Yorkshire

We can all benefit from regular Dental Health Checks and Dental Hygiene appointments


Dental Health Checks

Attending for regular Dental Health Check appointments means you can keep your teeth, gums and mouth as healthy as possible.

It is a valuable chance for you to discuss with us any concerns or problems you have. It is always best to have any problems checked and (if necessary) treated as soon as possible. Early treatment is usually simpler (and cheaper), and helps to better preserve the health of your teeth.

We also want you to be completely happy with your teeth and smile. Your Dental Health Check is also an opportunity for you to let us know if there’s anything with your teeth  you are not happy with.


Read more about your Dental Health Check

We ask you:

We check:

Areas outside your mouth

  • Jaw joint, for clicks/uneven movement
  • Muscles that control the jaw, for any tenderness or signs of overuse
  • Salivary glands and lymph nodes, for any lumps or swellings

Areas inside the mouth

  • A visual screen for signs of mouth cancer
  • The health of the soft tissues e.g. cheeks/tongue/palate

The health of your gums, including checking

The health of your teeth, including

  • Tooth decay (cavities)
  • Signs of wear/erosion
  • Fractures and cracks
  • Signs of abscess/infection
  • The condition of old fillings/crowns

We may take X-rays if appropriate

  • To check for signs of hidden cavities or infection
  • To investigate further any particular problems, e.g. toothache

We discuss the things we have checked, including:

  • The current health of your teeth, gums and mouth, including any treatment which may be appropriate.
  • Your current risk level for mouth cancer including how to reduce your risk (if appropriate)
  • Any measures you can take to help prevent dental problems in future
  • Any potential treatment options and come to an agreed plan on how to proceed
  • We will ensure you are aware of the relevant fees, pros and cons of each available treatment option before agreeing on a treatment plan



Dental Hygiene appointments

Visiting your dental hygienist regularly is the best way to keep your teeth and gums healthy. We usually recommend between 1 and 4 appointments per year for the most benefit.

Go to our dedicated hygiene and gum health page

Build-up of plaque and tartar on the teeth can irritate and inflame the gums, which may lead to periodontal disease and tooth loss.

Your hygienist will spend time during your appointment thoroughly cleaning the teeth to remove build-up from both above and below the gumline. They will also discuss with you how you can best care for your teeth and gum health at home

We find that those patients who visit the hygienist regularly are much more likely to improve and maintain their gum health, and prevent early tooth loss.

Read more about gum health


Listen to real patients’ experiences of gum disease (periodontitis)

Preventative Dental treatments

Prevention is better than cure, and we want to help all our patients to minimise their risk of dental problems.

The most effective way for you to maintain your dental health is by having good routines at home (see below), but we also offer some non-invasive preventative treatments to help you on the way.

Dental Hygiene appointments (above) help to reduce your risk of tooth decay and gum disease

Fissure sealants help to prevent decay in back teeth. We use resin sealants to fill in the nooks and crannies on the biting surfaces, so it’s easier for you to keep the area clean at home.

Fluoride varnish application by the dentist or hygienist can help to strengthen teeth. The varnish contains high-concentration fluoride which is absorbed into the tooth and helps to make it a little stronger and more resistant to decay. If appropriate, we can also prescribe high-fluoride toothpaste for the same purpose.

Looking after your teeth at home

If you have dental implants, download our ‘Looking after your dental implants’ guide

Tips on teeth cleaning

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for at least 2 minutes to remove plaque build-up (3 minutes is better).
  • An electric toothbrush is usually more effective. We find that the most effective ranges are by Oral-B and Philips Sonicare.
  • Clean between all your teeth at least once per day. TePe interdental brushes are the most effective way to do this. Flossing is a good alternative. View demonstration videos.
  • Use a toothpaste containing at least 1400ppm fluoride to help protect the enamel. If you have sensitive teeth, sensitive toothpastes such as Sensodye or Colgate Pro-relief usually help.
  • Make sure you brush all the surfaces of the teeth, and well up onto the gumline.
  • After brushing spit out, don’t rinse. This means the protective fluoride in the toothpaste stays on the teeth for longer.
  • If you notice bleeding, don’t be put off brushing. Thorough cleaning will help to reduce bleeding over time.
  • Mouthwashes are not normally beneficial for routine use. However, we may sometimes recommend you use mouthwash for short term use or particular problems.

There is good advice on toothbrushing for children here

Lifestyle tips for healthy teeth and gums

There is good advice on this here