Moderating your diet and lifestyle is the best way you can reduce your risk of dental diseases such as decay and gum disease. A few simple good habits can help to keep your teeth and gums as healthy as possible
3. Minimising sugars in the diet (both quantity and frequency of intake) More information below
3. Not smoking (smoking is also the leading cause of Mouth Cancer)
4. For diabetics, ensuring your diabetes is well-controlled
5. Visiting the hygienist for professional cleaning 2 to 4 times per year
It is vital to minimise both the quantity of sugar in the diet, and the frequency with which it is consumed. For example, a packet of sweets eaten in one go will produce an acidic environment for 30 minutes. The same packet, eaten one at a time over the course of the day, will produce an acidic environment for 30 minutes per sweet – potentially all day. So a given quantity of sugar will produce a far more damaging effect if it is eaten little and often. For this reason, the following guidelines apply:
Sugar in the diet provides food for oral bacteria, which produce lactic acid as a byproduct of their metabolism. This acid dissolves enamel and dentine and can cause a cavity in your tooth. Every time sugar enters your mouth, even a tiny amount, the bacteria will produce an acidic environment for around 30 minutes. The longer the teeth are in an acidic environment, the more likely they are to decay.